☆Art & Design Research 1955-1960

Art & Design Research

1955-1960

 ★1955 in art

★Events

  • Enrique Tabara obtains an Ecuadorian government scholarship to study in Spain.

★Awards

  • Archibald Prize: Ivor Hele – Robert Campbell

★Works

  • John Brack – Collins St., 5 pm
  • Carroll Cloar – My Father Was Big as a Tree
  • Salvador Dali – The Sacrament of the Last Supper
  • Willem de Kooning – Composition
  • Oswaldo Guayasamín – El ataúd blanco
  • Jasper Johns – Flag
  • L. S. Lowry – Industrial Landscape; A Young Man
  • René Magritte – The Mysteries of the Horizon

★Exhibitions

  • January – Opening of the Family of Man exhibition at MOMA, New York.
  • Le Mouvement exhibition is held at the Galerie Denise René.

★Births

  • 21 January – Jeff Koons, “kitsch” artist.
  • 2 February – Madi Phala, South African artist
  • 14 March – Beverly K. Effinger, painter.
  • 29 July – Dave Stevens, American illustrator and comics artist
  • 15 November – Sergey Voychenko, Belarusian artist and designer
  • date unknown – Alexander Sokolov, sculptor

__________________________________________________________________________

★1956 in art

★Events

  • Le mystère Picasso, a French documentary film, shows Pablo Picasso
  • William Klein publishes his photo essay New York, 1954–55.

★Awards

  • Archibald Prize: William Dargie – Mr Albert Namatjira
  • Kate Greenaway Medal – Edward Ardizzone for Tim All Alone

★Works

  • Pietro Annigoni – Portrait of Elizabeth II
  • Alexander Calder – Red Mobile
  • Salvador Dali – Living Still Life
  • Max Ernst – L’oiseau Rose
  • Helen Frankenthaler – Eden
  • Rudolf Hausner – The Ark of Odysseus
  • Eduardo Kingman – La Lavendera
  • L. S. Lowry – The Floating Bridge
  • Candido Portinari – Self-portrait

★Exhibitions

  • This Is Tomorrow, Whitechapel Gallery, London – British Pop art

★Births

  • January 19 – Junpei Satoh, Japanese Western-style painter
  • May 25 – Andrea Pazienza, Italian comics artist

__________________________________________________________________________

★1957 in art

★Events

  • Chicago’s Lithuanian community opens the Čiurlionis Art Gallery.
  • John Lennon enrols at Liverpool College of Art.

★Awards

  • Archibald Prize: Ivor Hele – Self Portrait

 ★Works

  • Maurice Boitel – The Hens
  • Paul-Émile Borduas – Étoile noire
  • Arthur Boyd – Dreaming Bridegroom 1
  • Yves Klein – Aerostatic Sculpture (Paris).
  • L. S. Lowry – Man Lying on a Wall; Portrait of Ann
  • Isamu Noguchi – Endless Coupling
  • Clyfford Still – 1957-D No. 1

★Births

  • January 27 – Frank Miller, comic-book artist
  • April 3 – Yves Chaland, French cartoonist
  • August 7 – Mark Bagley, comic-book artist
  • August 9 – Rick Leonardi, comic-book illustrator
  • November 26 – Félix González-Torres, Cuban artist

__________________________________________________________________________

★1958 in art

★Awards

  • Archibald Prize: William Edwin Pidgeon – Mr Ray Walker
  • Royal Architectural Institute of Canada Allied Arts Medal – Louis Archambault

★Events

  • Robert Frank publishes his photographic essay The Americans

★Exhibitons

  • Jean Arp retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art, New York City
  • Constructivist Design at the Galerie Lambert Weyl, Paris

★Works

  • Paul Cadmus, Night in Bologna

★Births

  • 4 May – Keith Haring, American artist and social activist
  • 8 September – Reiko Terashima, Japanese manga artist and illustrator.
  • 5 December – Julio Galán, Mexican artist

__________________________________________________________________________

★1959 in art

★Awards

  • Archibald Prize: William Dobell – Dr Edward MacMahon

★Works

  • Salvador Dalí – The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus
  • Ivan Generalić – The Deer Wedding
  • Lee Krasner – Cool White

__________________________________________________________________________

★1960 in art

★Events

-Launch of Nouveau réalisme movement

★Awards

  • Archibald Prize: Judy Cassab – Stanislaus Rapotec
  • Prix de Rome (for painting) – Pierre Carron

★Works

  • M. C. Escher – Ascending and Descending
  • Barbara Hepworth – Figure for a Landscape and Archaeon
  • Yves Klein – A Leap Into The Void
  • Ceri Richards – Cathedrale Engloutie
  • Will Roberts – Woman with Cup of Tea
  • Norman Rockwell – Triple Self-Portrait
  • Jean Tinguely – Homage to New York (self-destroying sculpture)
  • Andy Warhol – “Campbell’s Soup”

★Births

  • 13 March – Joe Ranft, magician, animation storyboard artist, and voice actor
  • 22 December – Jean-Michel Basquiat, American artist

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