★Fashion & Design 1910-1915 &1955-1960

The catergory I am focusing on is ‘Art & Design’ which made me think of Fashion & Design as fashion is also an element which is considered as a form of art. I will ultilise this page to display the changes in Fashion trends amongst females and how style has developed from 1910-1915 & 1955-1960.

Looking back over fashion trends over the years can only cause one to marvel at the drastic changes that have occurred, often in lockstep with societal changes. Women’s liberation, for example, can be visually measured through the evolution from suffocating corsets to jersey fabrics to bikinis. A timeline of the past century shows how the times have changed.

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★1910s in Fashion

Fashion in the years 1910–1919 is characterized by a rich and exotic opulence in the first half of the decade in contrast with the somber practicality of garments worn during the Great War. Skirts rose from floor length to well above the ankle.

Women’s fashion 1910-1915

During the early years of the 1910s the fashionable silhouette became much more lithe, fluid and soft than in the 1900s. When the Ballets Russes performed Scheherazade in Paris in 1910, a craze for Orientalism ensued.

1910s Jeanne Paquin gown

The busy working woman in 1911 needed respectable but practical clothing for everyday wear and better garments for weekends – a modified version of high fashion. The smart tailor-made outfit was the mainstay of the female wardrobe and comprised an ankle-length skirt and long, matching jacket. Active women adapted the restricting ‘hobble’ shape and wore their skirts at least the width of a stride, extra fullness created by gores and pleats.[1]

By 1914, skirts were widest at the hips and very narrow at the ankle. These hobble skirts made long strides impossible.

1914 ‘Hobble’ skirt.

 Changes in dress during World War I were dictated more by necessity than fashion. As more and more women were forced to work, they demanded clothes that were better suited to their new activities; these derived from the shirtwaists and tailored suits.

A new monochrome look emerged that was unfamiliar to young women in comfortable circumstances. Women dropped the cumbersome underskirts from their tunic-and-skirt ensembles, simplifying dress and shortening skirts in one step.

By 1915, the Gazette due Bon Ton was showing full skirts with hemlines above the ankle. These were called the “war crinoline” by the fashion press, who promoted the style as “patriotic” and “practical”.

Furthermore people were dressing less extravagantly due to funds being put toward the war effort. According to Elieen Collard, Coco Chanel took notice of this and created the new innovation of costume jewelry.[2]

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★1910-1915 Fashion in images

1910

1911

1912

1913

1913-1914

1914

1915

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Women’s fashion 1955-1960

★Fashion during 1950s

The year 1955 was a year of what might be termed “siren simplicity” in women’s fashions. Clothes combined willowy sex appeal with fresh youthfulness and ease.

Style:The year’s favorite silhouette was a semifitted sheath which revealed the lines of the body without seeming to do so. The waistline was seldom marked by a belt, but its curve was apparent under a long, gently molded bodice.[3]

★Key Aspects:

-Bosom line  high and round

-Hipline was often accented.

-Majority of dresses, suits and coats with half-belts or sashes loosely placed low at the hipline or high, just under the bosom.

A well groomed woman of the 1950s would accessorize an outfit with gloves, stockings and a good leather handbag.  The 1950s was a period of glamorous underwear, pretty petticoats and all made in fabrics without Lycra added.

★1956

The year 1956 was characterized by what might be termed a “romantic revival” in women’s fashions. Although there were important changes in the silhouette, the most significant differences lay in greater formality; sweet feminine colorings.

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1957

In 1957 women’s fashions reflected sharp contrast, restless experimentation and a search for a change which would be as distinct and as satisfying as the New Look of 1947.

Key Aspects:

-Originality in fabric.

-Special emphasis on richness and luxurious quality.

-Featherweight, loosely woven fabrics with bold patterns were favored for both day and evening.

-striped linen,

-flowered silk crepe and satin,

-velvet

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1958

In 1958 the “revolutionary” silhouette was a long, unbroken oval, obviously inspired by a space rocket’s shape and achieved via shorter skirts and a loosened outline which touched the body only at the hips.

Key Apects

-Narrow streamlined chemis

-Fuller, tapered-hems ‘sack’.

-Bosom area  defined.

-The waistline was in shape.

-Shapes were crossed high with wide sashes

-Narrow strips, drawstrings

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1959

The year 1959 was one in which women’s fashions reflected both the highly experimental and the soberly practical points of view. The loose chemise and sack outlines evolved into a still soft but more becoming and figure-defining silhouette, with the waistline area its focal point.[4]

★Key Aspects

-Sleeves and shoulders assumed smooth, bulbous, roundness

-Hats rose like aerated helmets

-Big fox-fur collars

-Silks, cottons, gloves

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1960

1960 began a decade which may well be recorded as one of the most fashion-conscious periods in recent history, challenging the 1890s and the 1920s.

★Key Aspects

-Emphasis on shorter coats

-The reemphasis on sweepingly full coat shapes

-Low waisted silhouettes

-Loose box jackets over full skirts

– Side fastenings on coats and dresses

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Bibliography

1.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1900s_in_fashion

2.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1910s_in_fashion

3, 4. http://www.paperpast.com/html

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