Modernism is essentially a movement or a style associated with modern expression & thoughts, technique, character and practice which centres around the idea of breaking traditional and classical norms/forms. The term Modernism specifically describes the Modernist movement which was a revolt against the conservative values of Realism. An array of cultural movements which dervived in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Many critics would argue that Modernism incorporates a great variety of aesthetics and sensibilities, that it is not simply a singular style. The term Modernism can also be defined as a movement which encompasses the output of those who feel that what is considered as ‘conventional’ forms of eg/ literature, art, religious faith, daily life and social organisation were beginning to become outdated in the emerging industrialised world.
The roots of modernism lie much deeper in history than the middle of the 19th century. The modern period actually begins in the sixteenth century, initiating what is called the Early Modern Period, which extends up to the 18th century as modernists claim. The underpinnings of modernism emerge during the Renaissance period when, through the study of the art, poetry, philosophy, and science of ancient Greece and Rome, humanists argue the notion that man, rather than God, is the measure of all things.
The term ‘Postmodernism’ derives from its critique of the ‘modernist’ scientific mentality of objectivity and the progress associated with the Enlightenment.
Postmodernism is considered as one of the most controversial movements in design history; perhaps predominantly because the movement defies definition, therefore making it difficult to define. To define it would violate the postmodernist’s premise that no definite terms, boundaries, or absolute truths exist so the term would remain vague. Of course the style of Postmodernism had many faces,such includes colourful and ruinous, ludicrous and luxurious. Though what they all had in commmon was a drastic deprature from Modernist style of Utopia definitions which mainly consisted of clarity and simplicity.
Postmodernism contradicts Modernism; whereas the modernists focused on opening a window to a ‘new world’, Postmodernism by contrast was like a broken mirror like a fragmented world. The key principles were of course contradiction and complexity. This movement is said to have shattered established ideas about style, bringing radical freedom to design which evolved a new style of its own.
This movements argues that there is no absolute truth and that the way people perceive the world is subjective. Postmodernism has influenced many cultural fields, including religion, literary criticism, sociology, linguistics, architecture, history, anthropology, visual arts, and music.